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Creative Development Aid Modalities: Alleviating School Congestion in the Philippines

This paper features a reform in basic education aimed at reducing congestion for public schools in the Philippines. The reform journey covers five years, and examines how Coalitions for Change mobilized a team, listened to local knowledge and experiences, pursued reform conjectures amidst changing political and development landscape, and finally arrived at a simple but effective solution to address school congestion in the Philippines: providing the means for the government to secure land titles to build more schools in the years ahead.